If you have a good grip on how animals learn, then you’ll be in a good position to understand how mules do it. There are some big differences between mules and horses which any trainer should keep in mind. Most mules are smarter and braver than most horses. They learn faster, and will usually be more willing to show you how to do their new tricks on the obstacle course. They are steadier on their feet, so are easier to convince to walk a narrow bridge or teeter totter. But despite these differences of degree, there are no differences between horses and mules in how they learn. Our armament in teaching a mule is simple: they learn by observation, like all birds and mammals.…